Einfach mal eine Lesetipp: Ein Grundlagenartikel zu IoT und entsprechenden Plattformen von McKinsey:
In order to get value from the Internet of Things (IoT), it helps to have a platform on which to create and manage applications, to run analytics, and to store and secure your data. Like an operating system for a laptop, a platform does a lot of things in the background that makes life easier and less expensive for developers, managers, and users.
In many mature markets, there are often two dominant platform choices and a long tail of smaller players; for example, iOS and Android in mobile, Windows and Mac OS in desktop operating systems, and PlayStation and Xbox in gaming. But not in IoT, not yet. In IoT, sometimes it seems like there may be more platforms than things. Search Crunchbase for venture-funded IoT platforms, and you will get well over 100 hits. And that list doesn’t include many bigger technology players entering the market with IoT platforms like Microsoft, IBM, and SAP or several industrial companies with similar aspirations like GE, Bosch, and Siemens.